This list
gives sources for the data and definitions of the variables in swedata.

**GDP Deflator (Py)**

Nominal
GDP/Output defined as below.

**Inflation (Inf) **

First differences of logarithms of the GDP Deflator.

**Nominal GDP (Ynom)**

GDP in
current factor prices

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.2 col 4

1950-1969
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3.1, GDP in factor values.

1970-1988 Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H1, GDP in factor
values.

**Money Stock (M2)**

Central
Bank and private bank (until 1903) notes held by the public plus demand and
time deposits at Commercial Banks

Sources:

1871-1971 Jonung (1975), Appendix A.

1972-1988 Statistical Yearbook, Central Bank of Sweden.

R**eal Money Stock (M2/Py)**

Money
Stock divided by the GDP deflator.

Discount
Rate (R)

Central
Bank Discount Rate

Source:

1861-1988 Statistical Yearbook, Central Bank of Sweden.

**Interest rate (R2)**

Lowest offered interest rate for loans at the commercial bank Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken and its ancestors.

Sources:

1867-1911 ”Sammandrag av solidariska enskilda bankers samt aktiebankernas
och kreditaktiebolagens uppgifter” , quarterly publication, Statistics Sweden.

1912-1967 ”Statistiska meddelanden serie E, Uppgifter om bankerna”, monthly publication, Statistics Sweden.

1968-1983 “Bankerna”, monthly
publication, Statistics Sweden.

1984-1986 “Affärsbankerna”, monthly publication,
Statistics Sweden.

**Real Discount Rate (R-Inf)**

Official Discount Rate minus inflation.

**Real Interest Rate (R2-Inf)**

Interest Rate minus inflation.

**GDP (Y)**

Gross
Domestic Product in 1985 fixed factor values. From 1950 GDP at current factor
values is deflated by the implicit deflator for GDP at market values.

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 3.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Tables 3.1 and 3.2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Tables H:1 and H:2

**Private Consumption (C)**

Private
consumption of goods and services at fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table
2.3.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H2.

**Public Consumption (G)**

Public
consumption of goods and services, state and municipalities deflated with the
GDP deflator.

Sources:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975),
Table 1.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Investments (I)**

Gross domestic capital formation in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975),
Table 2.2.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2, row 5.

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H2.

**Exports (X)**

Exports of goods and services in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 50 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H2

**Imports (M**)

Imports of goods and services in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 52 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H2

**Relative Price Private Consumption (Pc/Py)**

Private
consumption at current prices divided by Private consumption
at fixed prices and the GDP deflator

Sources
for private consumption at current prices:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Relative Price Investments (Pi/Py)**

Gross fixed
capital formation at current prices divided by gross fixed capital formation at
fixed prices and the GDP deflator

Sources
for fixed capital formation at current prices:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Relative Export Prices (Px/Py)**

Exports of goods and services at current prices divided by gross
exports at fixed prices and the GDP deflator.

Sources
for exports at current prices:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 49 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H:1

**Relative Import Prices (Px/Py)**

Imports of goods and services at current prices divided by gross
imports at fixed prices and the GDP deflator.

Sources
for imports at current prices:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 51 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988Statistics
Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H:1

**Manufacturing Production (Yman)**

Value added
in manufacturing and mining in fixed 1985 producer prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 3.2.1

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1975:98, Table 2A

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1981:2.5, Appendix 4, Table 2A

1970-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H:4

**Relative Price Manufacturing Production (Pman/Py)**

Value added
in manufacturing and mining at current producer prices divided by value added
in fixed producer prices and the GDP deflator.

Sources
for value added in current producer prices :

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.3

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1975:98, Table 1A

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1981:2.5, Appendix 4, Table 1A

1970-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H:3

**Wage rate **

Wage
in current SEK per 100 hours for workers in manufacturing and mining.

Sources:

1861-1913
Bagge et al. (1935), Table
26, Column "Social Science Institute"

1914-1919
Bagge et al. (1935), Table 26,
Column "Social Board"

1920-1929 Statistics Sweden, Lönestatistisk Årsbok
1929, Table 8

1930-1934 Statistics Sweden, Lönestatistisk Årsbok
1938, Table 24

1935-1938 Statistics Sweden, Lönestatistisk Årsbok
1940, Table 28

1939-1984
Statistics Sweden, Löner 1984, p 58, Table D

1985-1986 Statistics Sweden, ”Löner och sysselsättning
inom privat sektor 1988”, p 44, Table D

**Real Wage (W/Pman)**

Wage
rate deflated with manufacturing prices.

**Real Consumer Wage (W/Pc) **

Wage
rate deflated with private consumption prices.

**Wage Cost (Wc)**

Total
wage bill in current values to workers in manufacturing and

mining
divided by total number of hours worked by workers.

Source
for total wage bill:

1870-1949 Jungenfelt (1966), p 122 col
5.

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 98, Table
4AA

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1978:8.4, Appendix 5, Table
14.

1970-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8601, Appendix 5, Table 5:11

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 5, Table 5:11

**Real Wage Cost (Wc/Pman)**

Wage
cost deflated by manufacturing prices.

**Worked Hours in Manufacturing (H)**

Total number of worked hours by employees in manufacturing and mining. Between 1870 and 1949 constructed
by dividing total wage bill (see wage cost) and wage rate defined as above.
Between 1950 and 1959 hours by entrepreneurs ("företagare")
is included.

Sources:

1950-1959
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 5, Table 98

1960-1962
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 5, Table 92

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, N 1978:8.4, Appendix 5, Table 92

1970-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8601, Appendix 5, Table 5:8

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 5, Table 5:8

**Workers (N)**

Average number of workers in manufacturing and mining.

Sources:

1861-1919
Bagge et al. (1935), Table 187

1920-1986 “Industri”, yearly
publication from Kommerskollegium, later Statistics
Sweden. Workers
("arbetare and "övriga
arbetare") in sectors 1-8, 1952-1986 groups 1-11
due to reclassification.

**Hours per Worker**

Worked
hours in manufacturing and mining divided by average number of workers.

**Productivity (Pr)**

Labor productivity in manufacturing and mining. Value added in manufacturing and
mining in fixed 1985 producer prices divided by total number of worked hours.

**Wage share (Wshare)**

Total wage
bill (see wage cost) divided by value added in manufacturing and mining in
current prices.

**Unemployment (U)**

Yearly
average of number of unemployed reported to unemployment insurance. "Arbetslöshetskassor")

Sources:

1911-1956 Silenstam (1970)

1956-1969 Historical Statistics,
Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen,Swedish
Labor Market Board.

1970-1988 Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen, Swedish Labor Market Board.

**Current Account (CA)**

Current Account in current values.

Sources:

1871-1949
Ohlsson (1969), Table B:1

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, N 1975:98, Appendix 3, Table 5

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, N 1981:2.5

1970-1974
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8601

1975-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table VIII,row
8

**Net Exports (Nx)**

Exports
minus imports deflated with GDP deflator.

**Terms of Trade (Tot)**

Relative export price divided by relative import price.

**Foreign Demand (Fy)**

Aggregated
export weighted GDP in Great Britain, Denmark, Norway, (West) Germany, France
and United States. Weights are filtered with a Whittaker-Hendersson
filter with lambda=6400 is then applied to alfa and the trend component is used
as the weight.

Sources
for export share:

i

1871-1964
Ohlsson (1969), Table B:9

1965-1988
Statistisk Årsbok,
Statistics Sweden

**Output Uk,Dk, No, Ge, Fr and US;**

GDP of
Great Britain in fixed values.

Sources:

1870-1949
Maddison (1982), Table A6-A8

1950-1985
Summers and Heston (1988)

1986-1988
OECD, National Accounts

**Non-official references:**

Bagge,G.
E. Lundberg and I. Svennilsson (1933,1935), Wages in
Sweden 1860-1930, vol 1-2, London.

Johansson. Ö. (1967),
The Gross Domestic Product of Sweden and its
Composition 1861-1955, Stockhom Economic Studies
VIII.

JonunG,
L., (1975), Studies in the Monetary History of Sweden, dissertation, UCLA

Jungenfelt, K.G. (1966), Löneandelen och den ekonomiska
utvecklingen, Uppsala.

Krantz, O. and C-A. Nilsson (1975), Swedish National Produc 1861-1970,
Lund

Maddison,
A. (1982), Phases of Capitalist Developmet, Oxford
University Press.

Ohlsson, L. (1969), “Utrikeshandeln och den ekonomiska tillväxten I Sverige
1871-1966, Industriens Utredningsinstitut, Almquist &
Wiksell, Stockholm.

Silenstam, P. (1970), ”Arbetskraftsutbudets utvecklimg
i Sverige 1870-1965, Industriens Utredningsinsitut.