This list gives
sources for the data and definitions of the variables in swedata.

**GDP Deflator (Py)**

Nominal GDP in
current prices divided by GDP (Y)in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources for GDP
in current prices:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.2 col 4

1950-1969
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3.1, GDP in factor values.

1970-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H1, GDP in factor values.

**Money Stock (M2)**

Central Bank and
private bank (until 1903) notes held by the public plus demand and time
deposits at Commercial Banks

Sources:

1871-1971
Jonung (1975), Appendix A.

1972-1988
Statistical Yearbook, Central Bank of Sweden.

**Discount Rate (R)**

Central Bank
Discount Rate

Source:

1861-1988
Statistical Yearbook, Central Bank of Sweden.

**Interest rate (R2)**

Lowest
offered interest rate for loans at the commercial bank Skandinaviska
Enskilda Banken and its
ancestors.

**GDP (Y)**

Gross Domestic
Product in 1985 fixed factor values. From 1950 GDP at current factor values is
deflated by the implicit deflator for GDP at market values.

Sources:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 3.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Tables 3.1 and 3.2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Tables H:1 and H:2

**Private Consumption (C)**

Private
consumption of goods and services at fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 2.3.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H2.

**Public Consumption (G)**

Public
consumption of goods and services, state and municipalities deflated with the
GDP deflator.

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Investments (I)**

Gross
domestic capital formation in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 2.2.1.

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2, row 5.

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H2.

**Exports (X)**

Exports
of goods and services in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 50 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H2

**Imports (M**)

Imports
of goods and services in fixed 1985 prices.

Sources:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 52 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:2

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H2

**Price Private Consumption (Pc)**

Private
consumption at current prices divided by Private consumption
at fixed prices

Sources for
private consumption at current prices:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Price Investments (Pi)**

Gross fixed
capital formation at current prices divided by gross fixed capital formation at
fixed prices

Sources for fixed
capital formation at current prices:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.1

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, H1.

**Export Prices (Px)**

Exports
of goods and services at current prices divided by gross exports at fixed price.

Sources for
exports at current prices:

1861-1949
Johansson (1967), Table 49 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H:1

**Import Prices (Pm)**

Imports
of goods and services at current prices divided by gross imports at fixed
prices.

Sources for
imports at current prices:

1861-1949 Johansson
(1967), Table 51 col.14

1950-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Appendix 2-3, Table 3:1

1980-1988Statistics
Sweden, N10 SM 8901, Table H:1

**Manufacturing Production (Yman)**

Value added in
manufacturing and mining in fixed 1985 producer prices.

Sources:

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 3.2.1

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1975:98, Table 2A

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1981:2.5, Appendix 4, Table 2A

1970-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H:4

**Price Manufacturing Production (Pman)**

Value added in
manufacturing and mining at current producer prices divided by value added in
fixed producer prices.

Sources for value
added in current producer prices :

1861-1949 Krantz and Nilsson (1975), Table 1.3

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1975:98, Table 1A

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, SM N 1981:2.5, Appendix 4, Table 1A

1970-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table H:3

**Wage rate (W)**

Wage in current
SEK per 100 hours for workers in manufacturing and mining.

Sources:

1861-1913 Bagge et al. (1935), Table 26,
Column "Social Science Institute"

1914-1919 Bagge et al. (1935), Table 26,
Column "Social Board"

1920-1929 Statistics Sweden,
Lönestatistisk Årsbok 1929, Table 8

1930-1934 Statistics Sweden,
Lönestatistisk Årsbok 1938, Table 24

1935-1938 Statistics Sweden,
Lönestatistisk Årsbok 1940, Table 28

1939-1984
Statistics Sweden, Löner 1984, p 58, Table D

1985-1986 Statistics Sweden,
”Löner och sysselsättning inom privat sektor 1988”, p 44, Table D

**Wage Cost (Wc)**

Wage cost in
current SEK per 100 hours of work in manufacturing and mining.

Total wage bill
in current values to workers in manufacturing and mining divided by total
number of hours worked by workers

Times
100.

Source for total
wage bill:

1870-1949
Jungenfelt (1966), p 122 col 5.

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 98, Table
4AA

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1978:8.4, Appendix 5, Table
14.

1970-1979 Statistics
Sweden, N10 SM8601, Appendix 5, Table 5:11

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 5, Table 5:11

**Worked Hours in Manufacturing (H)**

Total
number of worked hours by employees in manufacturing and mining. Between 1870 and 1949 constructed by
dividing total wage bill (see wage cost) and wage rate defined as above.
Between 1950 and 1959 hours by entrepreneurs ("företagare")
is included.

Sources:

1950-1959
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 5, Table 98

1960-1962
Statistics Sweden, Nr N 1975:98, Appendix 5, Table 92

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, N 1978:8.4, Appendix 5, Table 92

1970-1979
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8601, Appendix 5, Table 5:8

1980-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Appendix 5, Table 5:8

**Workers (N)**

Average
number of workers in manufacturing and mining.

Sources:

1861-1919 Bagge et al. (1935), Table 187

1920-1986
“Industri”, yearly publication from Kommerskollegium, later Statistics Sweden. Workers ("arbetare
and "övriga arbetare")
in sectors 1-8, 1952-1986 groups 1-11 due to reclassification.

**Unemployment (U)**

Yearly average of
number of unemployed reported to unemployment insurance. "Arbetslöshetskassor")

Sources:

1911-1956 Silenstam (1970)

1956-1969 Historical Statistics, Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen,Swedish
Labor Market Board.

1970-1988 Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen, Swedish Labor Market
Board.

**Current Account (CA)**

Current
Account in current values.

Sources:

1871-1949 Ohlsson (1969), Table B:1

1950-1962
Statistics Sweden, N 1975:98, Appendix 3, Table 5

1963-1969
Statistics Sweden, N 1981:2.5

1970-1974
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8601

1975-1988
Statistics Sweden, N10 SM8901, Table VIII,row
8

**Foreign Demand (Fy)**

Aggregated export
weighted GDP in Great Britain, Denmark, Norway, (West) Germany, France and
United States. Weights are filtered with a Whittaker-Hendersson
filter with lambda=6400 is then applied to alfa and the trend component is used
as the weight.

Sources for
export share:

i

1871-1964 Ohlsson (1969), Table B:9

1965-1988 Statistisk Årsbok, Statistics
Sweden

**Output Uk,Dk, No, Ge, Fr and US;**

GDP of Great Britain
in fixed values.

Sources:

1870-1949
Maddison (1982), Table A6-A8

1950-1985 Summers
and Heston (1988)

1986-1988 OECD,
National Accounts

**Non-official references:**

Bagge,G. E. Lundberg and I. Svennilsson
(1933,1935), Wages in Sweden 1860-1930, vol 1-2,
London.

Johansson. Ö. (1967), The
Gross Domestic Product of Sweden and its Composition 1861-1955, Stockhom Economic Studies VIII.

JonunG, L., (1975), Studies in the Monetary History
of Sweden, dissertation, UCLA

Jungenfelt, K.G. (1966), Löneandelen och den
ekonomiska utvecklingen, Uppsala.

Krantz, O. and C-A. Nilsson (1975), Swedish National Produc 1861-1970, Lund

Maddison, A.
(1982), Phases of Capitalist Developmet, Oxford
University Press.

Ohlsson, L. (1969), “Utrikeshandeln och den ekonomiska
tillväxten I Sverige 1871-1966, Industriens
Utredningsinstitut, Almquist & Wiksell, Stockholm.

Silenstam, P. (1970), ”Arbetskraftsutbudets utvecklimg i Sverige 1870-1965, Industriens
Utredningsinsitut.